Vector calculus is the fundamental language of mathematical physics. It pro vides a way to describe physical quantities in three-dimensional space and the way in which these quantities vary. Many topics in the physical sciences can be analysed mathematically using the techniques of vector calculus. These top ics include fluid dynamics, solid mechanics and electromagnetism, all of which involve a description of vector and scalar quantities in three dimensions. This book assumes no previous knowledge of vectors. However, it is assumed that the reader has a knowledge of basic calculus, including differentiation, integration and partial differentiation. Some knowledge of linear algebra is also required, particularly the concepts of matrices and determinants. The book is designed to be self-contained, so that it is suitable for a pro gramme of individual study. Each of the eight chapters introduces a new topic, and to facilitate understanding of the material, frequent reference is made to physical applications. The physical nature of the subject is clarified with over sixty diagrams, which provide an important aid to the comprehension of the new concepts. Following the introduction of each new topic, worked examples are provided. It is essential that these are studied carefully, so that a full un derstanding is developed before moving ahead. Like much of mathematics, each section of the book is built on the foundations laid in the earlier sections and chapters.
Now in its fifth edition, Vector Calculus helps students gain an intuitive and solid understanding of this important subject. The book's careful account is a contemporary balance between theory, application, and historical development, providing it's readers with an insight into how mathematics progresses and is in turn influenced by the natural world.
Building on previous texts in the Modular Mathematics series, in particular 'Vectors in Two or Three Dimensions' and 'Calculus and ODEs', this book introduces the student to the concept of vector calculus. It provides an overview of some of the key techniques as well as examining functions of more than one variable, including partial differentiation and multiple integration. Undergraduates who already have a basic understanding of calculus and vectors, will find this text provides tools with which to progress onto further studies; scientists who need an overview of higher order differential equations will find it a useful introduction and basic reference.
The aim of this book is to facilitate the use of Stokes' Theorem in applications. The text takes a differential geometric point of view and provides for the student a bridge between pure and applied mathematics by carefully building a formal rigorous development of the topic and following this through to concrete applications in two and three variables. Key topics include vectors and vector fields, line integrals, regular k-surfaces, flux of a vector field, orientation of a surface, differential forms, Stokes' theorem, and divergence theorem. This book is intended for upper undergraduate students who have completed a standard introduction to differential and integral calculus for functions of several variables. The book can also be useful to engineering and physics students who know how to handle the theorems of Green, Stokes and Gauss, but would like to explore the topic further.
Contents: Differentiation and Integration of Vectors, Multiple Vectors, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Green s Gauss s and Stoke s Theorem.
This brief book presents an accessible treatment of multivariable calculus with an early emphasis on linear algebra as a tool. Its organization draws strong analogies with the basic ideas of elementary calculus (derivative, integral, and fundamental theorem). Traditional in approach, it is written with an assumption that the student reader may have computing facilities for two- and three-dimensional graphics, and for doing symbolic algebra. Chapter topics include coordinate and vector geometry, differentiation, applications of differentiation, integration, and fundamental theorems. For those with knowledge of introductory calculus in a wide range of disciplines including—but not limited to—mathematics, engineering, physics, chemistry, and economics.
Linear Algebra and Vector Calculus is a key area in the study of an engineering course. It is the study of numbers, structures, and associated relationships using rigorously defined literal, numerical, and operational symbols. A sound knowledge of the subject develops analytical skills, thus enabling engineering graduates to solve numerical problems encountered in daily life, as well as apply vector principles to physical problems, particularly in the area of engineering. Features Each topic has been thoroughly covered from the examination point of view. The theory part of the text is explained in a lucid manner. For each topic, problems of all possible combinations have been worked out. This is followed by an exercise with answers. Objective-type questions provided in each chapter help students in mastering concepts. Salient features of the book are summarised below: • Exactly in-sync with the latest GTU syllabus of Linear Algebra and Vector Calculus (2110015) • Lucid writing style and tutorial approach throughout the book, i.e., teach-by-examples • Offers extensive opportunities to students for practice and self-evaluation through numerous step-by-step solved examples and exercises • Application-based problems for better comprehension of concepts • Solved GTU 2015, 2014, 2013, and 2012 examination papers • Exam-oriented rich pedagogy includes 86 Illustrations 400 Solved Examples 300 Exercise Problems
This text is intended for a one-semester course in the Calculus of functions of several variables and vector analysis taught at college level. This course is, normally known as , vector calculus, or multi variable calculus, or simply calculus-III. The course usually is preceded by a beginning course in linear algebra. The prerequisite for this course is the knowledge of the fundamen- tal of one-variable calculus, differentiation and integration of the standard functions. The text includes most of the basic theories as well as many related examples and problems. There are many exercises throughout the text, which in my experience are more than enough for a semester course in this subject. I include enough examples for each topics in each section to illustrate and help the student to practice his/her skills. Also, added problems that ask the student to reflect on and explore in his/her own words some of the important ideas of Vector Calculus. I have included material enough to be covered during a simple semester with- out a hassle, and it should be possible to work through the entire book with reasonable care. Most of the exercises are relatively routine computations to moderate and productive problems, to help the students understand the concept of each topic. Each section in a chapter is concluded with a set of exercises that review and extend the ideas that was introduced in the chapter, or section. Computer softwares were not included in this book. Most of the exercises can be solved easily by hand, but I advise the students to use Mathematica, or Maple to graph the functions in each problem to visualize the problem, and understand it better. Some of the homework might require the use of Mathematica.
This book is designed primarily for undergraduates in mathematics, engineering, and the physical sciences. Rather than concentrating on technical skills, it focuses on a deeper understanding of the subject by providing many unusual and challenging examples. The basic topics of vector geometry, differentiation and integration in several variables are explored. It also provides numerous computer illustrations and tutorials using MATLAB® and Maple®, that bridge the gap between analysis and computation. Features: •Includes numerous computer illustrations and tutorials using MATLAB® and Maple® •Covers the major topics of vector geometry, differentiation, and integration in several variables •Instructors’ ancillaries available upon adoption
This book gives a comprehensive and thorough introduction to ideas and major results of the theory of functions of several variables and of modern vector calculus in two and three dimensions. Clear and easy-to-follow writing style, carefully crafted examples, wide spectrum of applications and numerous illustrations, diagrams, and graphs invite students to use the textbook actively, helping them to both enforce their understanding of the material and to brush up on necessary technical and computational skills. Particular attention has been given to the material that some students find challenging, such as the chain rule, Implicit Function Theorem, parametrizations, or the Change of Variables Theorem.
Purpose of this Book The purpose of this book is to supply lots of examples with details solution that helps the students to understand each example step wise easily and get rid of the college assignments phobia. It is sincerely hoped that this book will help and better equipped the higher secondary students to prepare and face the examinations with better confidence. I have endeavored to present the book in a lucid manner which will be easier to understand by all the engineering students. About the Book According to many streams in engineering course there are different chapters in Engineering Mathematics of the same year according to the streams. Hence students faced problem about to buy Engineering Mathematics special book that covered all chapters in a single book. That’s reason student needs to buy many books to cover all chapters according to the prescribed syllabus. Hence need to spend more money for a single subject to cover complete syllabus. So here good news for you, your problem solved. I made here special books according to chapter wise, which helps to buy books according to chapters and no need to pay extra money for unneeded chapters that not mentioned in your syllabus. PREFACE It gives me great pleasure to present to you this book on A Textbook on “Vector Calculus” of Engineering Mathematics presented specially for you. Many books have been written on Engineering Mathematics by different authors and teachers, but majority of the students find it difficult to fully understand the examples in these books. Also, the Teachers have faced many problems due to paucity of time and classroom workload. Sometimes the college teacher is not able to help their own student in solving many difficult questions in the class even though they wish to do so. Keeping in mind the need of the students, the author was inspired to write a suitable text book providing solutions to various examples of “Vector Calculus” of Engineering Mathematics. It is hoped that this book will meet more than an adequately the needs of the students they are meant for. I have tried our level best to make this book error free.
INTRODUCTION. In course of an attempt to apply direct vector methods to certain problems of Electricity and Hydrodynamics, it was felt that, at least as a matter of consistency, the foundations of Vector Analysis ought to be placed on a basis independent of any reference to cartesian coordinates and the main theorems of that Analysis established directly from first principles. embodied in the present paper and an attempt is made here to develop the Differential and Integral Calculus of Vectors from a point of view which is believed to be new. In order to realise the special features of my presentation of the subject, it will be convenient to recall briefly the usual method of treatment. In any vector problem we are given certain relations among a number of vectors and we have to deduce some other relations which these same vectors satisfy.
Includes solutions to selected exercises and study hints.
Methods used for regional development analysis are employed mainly to make forecasts and comparisons. Forecasting models of various types (e.g. econometric models) are usually used for forecasting. Recently, vector-autoregressive models (VAR) have become popular. These models were proposed by Sims in 1980. On the contrary, taxonomic methods (that are in the center of attention as far as the present publication is concerned) are most often employed to make comparisons. Linear ordering methods, including standard methods, are the most popular among ta- nomic methods. They are based on different distance and similarity measures, which leads to the fact that they do not always provide reliable information. When, for example, one construes the standard for a base year and then compares it with data for other years, it may turn out that the measure determined will have worse values than the standard for a real object (region, micro region) although this object is better from the standard. Hence, one must look for new methods employed in regional development analysis or improve hitherto existing ones in such a way so that information obtained re?ects the reality to a larger extent. The main aim of the present publication is to work out methodological basis for regional development analysis based on vector calculus together with assumptions about computer system supporting the implementation of the method suggested.
Based on many years of experience of the author Complex Analysis with Vector Calculus provides clear and condensed treatment of the subject. It is primarily intended to be used by undergraduate students of engineering and science as a part of a course in engineering mathematics, where they are introduced to complex variable theory, through conceptual development of analysis. The book also introduces vector algebra, step by step, with due emphasis on various operations on vector field and scalar fields. Especially, it introduces proof of vector identities by use of a new approach and includes many examples to clarify the ideas and familiarize students with various techniques of problem solving.