When the Berlin Wall fell, people who lived along the dismantled border found their lives drastically and rapidly transformed. Daphne Berdahl, through ongoing ethnographic research in a former East German border village, explores the issues of borders and borderland identities that have accompanied the many transitions since 1990. What happens to identity and personhood, she asks, when a political and economic system collapses overnight? How do people negotiate and manipulate a liminal condition created by the disappearance of a significant frame of reference? Berdahl concentrates especially on how these changes have affected certain "border zones" of daily life—including social organization, gender, religion, and nationality—in a place where literal, indeed concrete, borders were until recently a very powerful presence. Borders, she argues, are places of ambiguity as well as of intense lucidity; these qualities may in fact be mutually constitutive. She shows how, in a moment of headlong historical transformation, larger political, economic, and social processes are manifested locally and specifically. In the process of a transition between two German states, people have invented, and to some extent ritualized, cultural practices that both reflect and constitute profound identity transformations in a period of intense social discord. Where the World Ended combines a vivid ethnographic account of everyday life under socialist rule and after German reunification with an original investigation of the paradoxical human condition of a borderland.
Anthropologist Daphne Berdahl was one of the leading scholars of the transition from state socialism to capitalism in central and eastern Europe. From her pathbreaking ethnography of a former East German border village in the aftermath of German reunification, to her insightful analyses of consumption, nostalgia, and citizenship in the early 21st century, Berdahl's writings probe the contradictions, paradoxes, and ambiguities of postsocialism as few observers have done. This volume brings together her essays, from an early study of memory at the Vietnam War memorial in Washington, D.C., to research on consumption and citizenship undertaken in Leipzig in the years before her untimely death. It serves as a superb introduction to the development of the field of postsocialist cultural studies.
Das Buch befasst sich mit dem bislang noch weitgehend unbehandelten Gebiet der Konversion von Deutschen zum Islam und beruht auf langjährigen Feldstudien der Autorin in Deutschland. Es bietet neue Einsichten in die Zusammenhänge und Spannungen, die dieses stetig wachsende religiöse Phänomen in Deutschland und darüber hinaus hervorbringt. Von Jahr zu Jahr nimmt die Zahl der Europäer, die sich dem Islam zuwenden, zu. Die vorliegende Publikation erforscht wie insbesondere Deutsche den Islam für sich entdecken, ihre Verbundenheit zum Islam trotz der gesellschaftlich eher ablehnenden Haltung und Furcht leben, wie sie sich zu den eingewanderten Muslimen in Beziehung setzen und wie sie die Debatten um Rasse, Religion und europäischer Zugehörigkeit erleben und mitgestalten. Esra Özyürek wirft einen Blick darauf, wie die Gesellschaft konvertierte Mitbürger an den Rand drängt und deren nationale Loyalität in Frage stellt. Im Gegenzug versuchen sich die zum Islam konvertierten Deutschen von Migranten aus muslimisch geprägten Ländern abzugrenzen und einen „entnationalisierten“ Islam, frei von türkischen oder arabischen Traditionen, zu etablieren.
Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: Die Lage unserer Nation spiegelt sich im Schicksal der Stadt Berlin. Seit Kriegsende geteilt, gehört die Stadt zwei verschiedenen Welten an, die sich hier auf engstem Raum gegeneinander darstellen und abgrenzen. Die Mauer in Berlin ist zum weltweit bekannten Symbol der gewaltsamen Teilung Deutschlands geworden. ( ) Berlin bleibt Gradmesser für die Ost-West-Beziehungen, Berlin bleibt das Symbol für die offene deutsche Frage . Helmut Kohls Rhetorik aus dem Bericht zur Lage der Nation im geteilten Deutschland vom 23. Juni 1983 ist nur eine von unzähligen, in Kapitel 2.3 näher auszuführenden Bemerkungen aus Politik, Wissenschaft und Publizistik, die eine Verbindung zwischen der Stadt Berlin, seiner Mauer und der Deutschen Frage herstellen. Nach 1945 bezeichnete sie die Frage der Teilung Deutschlands und ihrer Überwindung, die Fragen zu wem und wohin die Deutschen gehören und wie sie ihre eigene kollektive Identität mit der Gestaltung Europas verbinden. Zu dieser Problematik spiegelte Berlin als Schaufenster der Systemkonkurrenz die Entwicklung in Deutschland, Europa und der Welt nach 1945 wider. Berlin war der Ort, an dem die deutsche Teilung für alle sichtbar war, der wie kein zweiter durch seine bloße Existenz die ungelöste Deutsche Frage symbolisierte. So wurde Berlin in der Literatur der Nachkriegszeit, vor allem aber seit dem Mauerbau vom 13. August 1961 zu dem Ort, um sich mit der deutschen Teilung zu beschäftigen. Auch nach der Öffnung der Grenze am 9. November 1989 musste die Stadt als Projektionsfläche für jedermann herhalten. Sie wurde zur Werkstatt der Einheit , zur Drehscheibe zwischen Ost und West , zum Energiezentrum einer nach ihr benannten Republik . Daher konzentrieren sich ebenfalls die gesellschaftliche und wissenschaftliche Aufarbeitung von NS- und DDR-Geschichte auf die neue (alte) Hauptstadt. Auch dem deutschen Film diente Berlin seit der Weimarer Republik zur Herausbildung zahlreicher Topoi, und heute ist die Stadt wieder Deutschlands filmreifste Kulisse . Das hilft erklären, warum auch die bundesdeutschen Grenzfilme nur selten an der grünen innerdeutschen Grenze, weit häufiger aber in Berlin und an seiner Mauer spielen. Die Berliner Mauer: das war die in mehreren so genannten Generationen um die drei alliierten Westsektoren der Stadt gebaute Grenzbefestigung. Nach über 28 Jahren und zwei Monaten fiel sie infolge ihrer Öffnung dem Abriss und der Musealisierung anheim. Weit wichtiger als [...]
The changes that followed the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 were particularly dramatic for East Germans. With the German Democratic Republic effectively taken over by West Germany in the reunification process, nothing in their lives was immune from change and upheaval: from the way they voted, the newspapers they read, to the brand of butter they bought. But what was it really like to go from living under communism one minute, to capitalism the next? What did the East Germans make of capitalism? And how do they remember the GDR today? Are their memories dominated by fear and loathing of the Stasi state, or do they look back with a measure of fondness and regret on a world of guaranteed employment and low living costs? This is the story of eight citizens of the former German Democratic Republic, and how these dramatic changes affected them. All of the people in the book were born in East Germany after the Berlin Wall was put up in August 1961, so they knew nothing other than living in a socialist system when the GDR fell apart. Their stories provide a fascinating insight not only into everyday life in East Germany, but also into how this now-vanished state is remembered today, a quarter of a century after the fall of the Wall.
DIVA fascinating exploration of how social memory serves to hinder communication and foster disorder in Northern Ireland /div
A Companion to Border Studies introduces an exciting and expanding field of interdisciplinary research, through the writing of an international array of scholars, from diverse perspectives that include anthropology, development studies, geography, history, political science and sociology. Explores how nations and cultural identities are being transformed by their dynamic, shifting borders where mobility is sometimes facilitated, other times impeded or prevented Offers an array of international views which together form an authoritative guide for students, instructors and researchers Reflects recent significant growth in the importance of understanding the distinctive characteristics of borders and frontiers, including cross-border cooperation, security and controls, migration and population displacements, hybridity, and transnationalism
Addressing and conceptualizing the changing character of borders in contemporary Europe, this book examines developments occurring in the light of European integration processes and an on-going tightening of Europe's external borders. Moreover, the book suggests new ways of investigating the nature of European borders by looking at border practices in the light of the mobility turn, and thus as dynamic, multiple, diverse and best expressed in everyday experiences of people living at and with borders, rather than focusing on static territorial divisions between states and regions at geopolitical level. It provides border scholars and researchers as well as policymakers with new empirical and theoretical evidence on the de- and re-bordering processes going on in diverse border regions in Europe, both within and outside of the EU.
This book reassesses Putin's attempt to reverse the decentralization of power that characterised centre-regional relations in the 1990s, focusing on regional responses to Putin's federal reforms. It explains the decline of regionalism after 2000 in terms of the dynamics of regional boundaries, understood as the juridical boundaries which demarcate a region's territorial extent and its resources; institutional boundaries that sustain regional differences; and cultural boundaries that define the ethnic or technocratic principles on which a region could claim legitimate existence. The book questions the conventional wisdom regarding the success of Putin's regime. It shows how regional governors responded not by attempting to deflect the reforms with outright resistance, but by mimicking Putin's centralisation of power at the regional level. In turn, this facilitated the homogenisation of regional political regimes and regional mergers. The book demonstrates how the reordering of regions advanced sporadically, how pockets of resistance persist, and how the potential for the revival of regionalism continues.
In The Land of Weddings and Rain, Gediminas Lankauskas examines the components of the contemporary urban wedding – religious and civil ceremonies, “traditional” imagery and practices, and the conspicuous consumption of domestic and imported goods – in the context of the Western-style modernization of post-socialist Lithuania. Studying the tensions between “tradition” and “modernity” that surround this important ritual event, Lankauskas highlights the ways in which nationalism serves to negotiate the impact of modernity in the aftermath of state socialism’s collapse. His analysis also shows the importance of consumption and commodification to Lithuania’s ongoing “Westernization.” Based on more than a decade of ethnographic research, The Land of Weddings and Rain is a fascinating account of the tensions – between national and transnational, East and West, and old and new – that shape life in post-socialist Eastern Europe.
Time and the Other is a classic work that critically reexamined the relationship between anthropologists and their subjects and reoriented the approach literary critics, philosophers, and historians took to the study of humankind. Johannes Fabian challenges the assumption that anthropologists live in the "here and now," that their subjects live in the "there and then," and that the "other" exists in a time not contemporary with our own. He also pinpoints the emergence, transformation, and differentiation of a variety of uses of time in the history of anthropology that set specific parameters between power and inequality. In this edition, a new postscript by the author revisits popular conceptions of the "other" and the attempt to produce and represent knowledge of other(s).
Drawing on cultural anthropology and cultural studies, this book sheds new light on the everyday politics of heritage and memory by illuminating local, everyday engagements with Germanness through heritage fetishism, claims to hometown belonging, and the performative appropriation of cultural property.
Although the end of the Cold War was greeted with great enthusiasm by people in the East and the West, the ensuing social and especially economic changes did not always result in the hoped-for improvements in people’s lives. This led to widespread disillusionment that can be observed today all across Eastern Europe. Not simply a longing for security, stability, and prosperity, this nostalgia is also a sense of loss regarding a specific form of sociability. Even some of those who opposed communism express a desire to invest their new lives with renewed meaning and dignity. Among the younger generation, it surfaces as a tentative yet growing curiosity about the recent past. In this volume scholars from multiple disciplines explore the various fascinating aspects of this nostalgic turn by analyzing the impact of generational clusters, the rural-urban divide, gender differences, and political orientation. They argue persuasively that this nostalgia should not be seen as a wish to restore the past, as it has otherwise been understood, but instead it should be recognized as part of a more complex healing process and an attempt to come to terms both with the communist era as well as the new inequalities of the post-communist era.
How is it that walls, borders, boundaries-and their material and symbolic architectures of division and exclusion-engender their very opposite? This edited volume explores the crossings, permeations, and constructions of cultural and political borders between peoples and territories, examining how walls, borders, and boundaries signify both interdependence and contact within sites of conflict and separation. Topics addressed range from the geopolitics of Europe's historical and contemporary city walls to conceptual reflections on the intersection of human rights and separating walls, the memory politics generated in historically disputed border areas, theatrical explorations of border crossings, and the mapping of boundaries within migrant communities.
Dokumentation über die Geschichte der DDR-Grenzanlagen mit zahlreichen Fotos, die auch die Veränderungen der letzten 20 Jahre anschaulich machen.

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