The articles included in this Yearbook of the Sociology of Islam are focused on two perspectives: Some link the comparative analysis of Islam to ongoing debates on the Axial Age and its role in the formation of major civilizational complexes, while others are more concerned with the historical constellations and sources involved in the formation of Islam as a religion and a civilization. More than any other particular line of inquiry, new historical and sociological approaches to the Axial Age revived the idea of comparative civilizational analysis and channeled it into more specific projects. A closer look at the very problematic place of Islam in this context will help to clarify questions about the Axial version of civilizational theory as well as issues in Islamic studies and sociological approaches to modern Islam. Contributors among others: Said Arjomand, Shmuel N. Eisenstadt, Josef van Ess and Raif G. Khoury.
This book explores conceptual and institutional developments of the notion of the public sphere in the West and in the Islamic world, tackling historic ruptures spanning the formation and transformation of the Euro-Mediterranean world. Set against an imploding grammar of socio-political life, the modern liberal public sphere appears in a new light.
Focuses on moments in world history when cosmopolitan ideas and actions pervaded specific Muslim societies and cultures, exploring the tensions between regional cultures, isolated enclaves and modern nation-states.
Recent events have focused attention on the perceived differences and tensions between the Muslim world and the modern West. As a major strand of Western public discourse has it, Islam appears resistant to internal development and remains inherently pre-modern. However Muslim societies have experienced most of the same structural changes that have impacted upon all societies: massive urbanisation, mass education, dramatically increased communication, the emergence of new types of institutions and associations, some measure of political mobilisation, and major transformations of the economy. These developments are accompanied by a wide range of social movements and by complex and varied religious and ideological debates. This textbook is a pioneering study providing an introduction to and overview of the debates and questions that have emerged regarding Islam and modernity. Key issues are selected to give readers an understanding of the complexity of the phenomenon from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. The various manifestations of modernity in Muslim life discussed include social change and the transformation of political and religious institutions, gender politics, changing legal regimes, devotional practices and forms of religious association, shifts in religious authority, and modern developments in Muslim religious thought.
This first systematic study of a wide range of Persian and European archival and primary sources, analyzes how the Muharram rituals changed from being an orginally devotional practice to public events of political significance, setting the stage for the emergence of the early modern Iranian public sphere in the Safavid period.
Reconstructing the development of the term 'political Islam' and looking in detail at the current transcultural space between Islam and the West, this book offers valuable insights for those interested in cross-cultural relations and in Islam's changing political roles.
This book is a theory-informed, comparative and historical exploration of the notion of the public sphere within Western and Islamic traditions. The work traces cross-cutting genealogies spanning conventional borders between tradition and modernity, and in particular between the Western and the Islamic world
This book focuses on a wide variety of Muslim ac-tors who, in recent years, have entered into the European public sphere. Without excluding the phenomenon of terrorists, it maps the whole field of Muslim visibility. The nine contributions present unpublished ethnographic materials that have been collected between 2003 and 2005. They track down the available space that is open to Muslims in EU member states claiming a visibility of their own. The volume collects male and female, secular and religious, radical and pietistic voices of sometimes very young people. They all speak about "being a Muslim in Europe" and the meaning of "real Islam." Gerdien Jonker (Ph.D.) is affiliated to the Georg-Eckert-Institute for International Textbook Analysis in Braunschweig, Germany. Her ethnographic research focuses on the Muslim minorities in the EU. Aspects of her work encompass religious history and memory, conflict and gendered communication. Valrie Amiraux (Ph.D.) is a permanent senior research fellow in sociology at the CNRS (Amiens, University of Picardie). She is currently a Marie Curie fellow at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (EUI) in Florence where she is completing a book on religious discrimination of Muslim minorities in the EU.
In Europa ist im Zuge der Auseinandersetzung um Migration ein neues Konfliktfeld entstanden, in dem der Islam als Bezugspunkt eine immer wichtigere Rolle spielt. Zugleich sind Konflikte vor Ort zunehmend in einen Welthorizont eingebunden. Der vorliegende Band leuchtet diese veranderte Konstellation uber Landerstudien und systematische Perspektiven aus. Aktuelle Auseinandersetzungen kommen ebenso in den Blick wie deren gesellschaftliche und historische Kontexte.Mit Beitragen von: Levent Tezcan, Monika Wohlrab-Sahr, Shmuel N. Eisenstadt, Armando Salvatore, Reinhard Schulze, Werner Schiffauer, Steffen Kuhnel, Jurgen Leibold, Kornelia Sammet, Jorg Huttermann, Ruud Peters, Sipco Vellenga, Karen Schonwalder, Christian Moe, Ozkan Ezli, Arnd-Michael Nohl, Mustafa Sen, Matthias Koenig, Claire de Galembert, Frank Kalter und Cornelia Kristen.