Dieser Band umreisst das innovative Feld einer komparatistischen, literatur- und kulturwissenschaftlichen Globalisierungsforschung. Welchen Beitrag konnen Literatur, Kunst und Medien fur die Herausbildung eines globalen Imaginaren leisten? Was sind das fur Bilder, Narrative, Tropen und Figuren, die eine Vorstellung von der Einheit der Welt vermitteln? Gemeinsamer Ausgangspunkt der Beitrage ist die Annahme, dass Literatur und Kunste nicht bloss eine gegebene Welt abbilden, sondern an der diskursiven Herstellung von Welt(en) beteiligt sind. Ziel des Bandes ist, die Bestandteile des globalen Imaginaren sowie die verschiedenen Modi der literarischen Weltdarstellung und Weltherstellung in ihrer historischen Bandbreite zu untersuchen. Spezifisch literarische Formen des Weltbezugs werden dabei mit der Konstruktion globaler Zusammenhange in anderen kunstlerischen Medien in Zusammenhang gebracht. Besondere Aufmerksamkeit gilt den Wechselwirkungen zwischen literarisch-kunstlerischen Weltkonstruktionen und den sozialen, okonomischen und politischen Globalisierungsprozessen. Nicht zuletzt werden deren Konsequenzen fur die literatur- und kulturwissenschaftliche Begriffsbildung - etwa: aktuelle Revisionen des Konzepts der Weltliteratur - reflektiert.
Bertil Ohlin, international trade theorist, winner of the 1977 Nobel Prize in Economics, and leader of the Swedish Liberal Party for more than twenty years, is considered to be the major single influence on the development of international economics in the twentieth century. This volume, celebrating the centennial of Ohlin's birth, examines his life and his influence on modern economic thought. It also contains the first English translation of his licentiate thesis, in which he first set out his theory of international trade.
A bibliography of this kind has long been needed. The book is clearly and accurately printed and well arranged." Times Literary Supplement. The scope of the bibliography is economic theory between 1870-1929, the heyday of the neo-classical revolution. The first part of the work is a series of select bibliographies of the different branches of theory. The second part covers a series of bibliographies of the works of key authors. * Bibliography covers American & English publications and German, French and Italian sources. * Subjects covered include: International Trade, Risk, Supply & Demand, Competition & Monopoly, Taxation and Public Expenditure.
In the years following its publication, F. A. Hayek’s pioneering work on business cycles was regarded as an important challenge to what was later known as Keynesian macroeconomics. Today, as debates rage on over the monetary origins of the current economic and financial crisis, economists are once again paying heed to Hayek’s thoughts on the repercussions of excessive central bank interventions. The latest editions in the University of Chicago Press’s ongoing series The Collected Works of F. A. Hayek, these volumes bring together Hayek’s work on what causes periods of boom and bust in the economy. Moving away from the classical emphasis on equilibrium, Hayek demonstrates that business cycles are generated by the adaptation of the structure of production to changes in relative demand. Thus, when central banks artificially lower interest rates, the result is a misallocation of capital and the creation of asset bubbles and additional instability. Business Cycles, Part I contains Hayek’s two major monographs on the topic: Monetary Theory and the Trade Cycle and Prices and Production. Reproducing the text of the original 1933 translation of the former, this edition also draws on the original German, as well as more recent translations. For Prices and Production, a variorum edition is presented, incorporating the 1931 first edition and its 1935 revision. Business Cycles, Part II assembles a series of Hayek’s shorter papers on the topic, ranging from the 1920s to 1981. In addition to bringing together Hayek’s work on the evolution of business cycles, the two volumes of Business Cycles also include extensive introductions by Hansjoerg Klausinger, placing the writings in intellectual context—including their reception and the theoretical debates to which they contributed—and providing background on the evolution of Hayek’s thought.
In this book the author investigates the impact of demographic change on economic growth. As a result of the current financial crisis, a new view on economics has been demanded by various scientists. The author provides such a new view on economic growth, using a methodology of system dynamics. By applying this method, the author focuses on characteristics of complex systems and analyzes aging and shrinking processes, and not only positive growth. Delays and feedback processes are also considered. This leads to deeper and revealing insights into economic behavior. In doing so, a new semi-endogenous growth model is developed by introducing a specific and detailed population sector (demographic growth model). The book shows and analyzes the behavior of such a model and tests several policy scenarios in a transfer chapter to apply the new theoretical approach on real world problems. The major results are summarized in 15 principles of demographic growth.